The National Council of Institutions of the Federal Network of Professional, Scientific and Technological Education (Conif) strongly rejects the information published by the newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo on Tuesday, 21/11, and by other means of communication with based on the World Bank report entitled “A fair adjustment: an analysis of the efficiency and equity of public spending in Brazil". The data released is unreal, contrasts with the positive indicators recorded in recent years and, most seriously, denies investment in a priority social area, by disregarding the successful, socially recognized performance of these institutions, as well as ignoring the capillarity of federal institutes.
There are 644 units throughout Brazil, reaching even places that are difficult to access; about a million students (938.736) and more than 70 thousand civil servants that make possible the offer of professional, technical and technological education, training of teachers and bachelor's degrees. Of the total enrollments, 27.570 (2,93%) are in postgraduate courses; 237.008 (25,24%) in higher education courses; 554.888 (59,11%) in technical courses; 103.896 (11,06%) in Initial and Continuing Education (FIC) courses; 15.374 (1,63%) in basic education.
The performance in the National High School Exam (Enem) reaffirms the quality present in the Federal Network. Analysis by researchers from the National Institute of Educational Studies and Research Anísio Teixeira (Inep) points out that, in the 2014 edition, students' performance surpassed that of other Brazilian educational systems (state, municipal and private).
The quality of teaching is also internationally recognized. In the last examination of the International Student Assessment Program (Pisa), carried out in 2015 by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the Federal Network had higher averages than those of countries considered to be a reference in education, such as Germany, South Korea and United States. This is what the data released by the OECD show, with evaluations by students from 70 countries and territories.
By excluding the supply of technical and vocational secondary education, the report distorts reality, as it uses as a general data a cut that does not correspond to the universe of enrollments. By positioning itself in the dissemination of news, Estadão and other communication channels corroborate the idea of the existence of an unrealistic cost for higher education students, insofar as it does not integrate it in the general enrollment context, which it encompasses since the Training Initial and Continued until Post-Graduation.
Regarding the cost per student, information released by O Estado de S. Paulo and other vehicles have incorrect numbers, including divergent from the source that supported the publication. While the World Bank's report points out the individual cost of R $ 27.850 in the period from 2013 to 2015, a matter conveyed by O Estadão, for example, raises this value to R $ 74 thousand per year, diverging from the numbers recognized by Conif. Official data from the Ministry of Education (MEC) record that, in 2016, the Current Spending per GCA-Absolute Student of the Federal Institutes was R $ 12.917,35 and, the GCA-Equivalent, R $ 16.946,89.
In view of the above and considering that more than 80% of students are of less favored socioeconomic background, Conif reiterates the defense of free and excellent federal public education, recognizing the role of the Federal Network in combating social inequalities.