Information and measures being taken by the IFSP on Coronavirus (covid-19). Update: Click here and access our FAQ - frequently asked questions and ask all your questions. Classes remain suspended.
The rectory of the Federal Institute of Sâo Paulo informs that, under the guidance of the Ministry of Health regarding contamination by covid-19, and due to its elevation to the level of pandemic by the World Health Organization, a crisis committee will be established to analyze the measures to be taken within the scope of the Institution, deciding on them.
The IFSP has also sought all guidance from the Ministry of Education and Conif (National Council of Institutions of the Federal Education Network) regarding the measures to be taken with regard to maintaining the functioning of the units, following them. Thus, we ask everyone to seek information on preventive measures, both personal and collective, making use of them, especially information published by the Ministry of Health. The rectory advises that alarmist or false information is not shared, and ensures that all measures tackling covid-19 under the IFSP will be made widely available to the community.
Visit here the official note from Conif (National Council of Institutions of the Federal Education Network) on covid-19
Innovation Agency - INOVA
Ordinance No. 1.200, of March 23, 2020 - Suspends the academic calendar of IFSP courses, maintains other activities related to teaching, research and extension and takes other measures.
Ordinance no. 941, of March 13, 2020 - It constitutes the crisis committee with the objective of monitoring and evaluating, within the scope of the IFSP, the implications related to COVID-19.
What is coronavirus? (Covid-19)
Coronavirus is a family of viruses that causes respiratory infections. The new coronavirus agent was discovered on 31/12/19, after cases registered in China. It causes the disease called coronavirus (covid-19).
The first human coronaviruses were isolated for the first time in 1937. However, it was in 1965 that the virus was described as coronavirus, due to the profile under microscopy, looking like a crown.
Most people are infected with common coronaviruses throughout their lives, with young children being more likely to become infected with the most common type of the virus. The most common coronaviruses that infect humans are alpha coronavirus 229E and NL63 and beta coronavirus OC43, HKU1.
What you need to know and do. How to prevent contagion:
- Wash your hands with soap and water or use gel alcohol.
- Cover your nose and mouth when sneezing or coughing.
- Avoid crowding if you are sick.
- Keep rooms well ventilated.
- Do not share personal items.
Coronavirus incubation period
Incubation period is the time it takes for the first symptoms to appear since coronavirus infection, which can be 2 to 14 days.
Coronavirus transmissibility period
In general, viral transmission occurs only as long as symptoms persist. Viral transmission is possible after resolution of symptoms, but the length of the transmissibility period is unknown for the coronavirus. During the incubation period and in asymptomatic cases, coronaviruses are not contagious.
Source of coronavirus infection
Most coronaviruses generally infect only one animal species or a small number of closely related species. However, some coronaviruses, such as SARS-CoV, can infect people and animals. The animal reservoir for the coronavirus (covid-19) is still unknown.
What are the symptoms of coronavirus?
The signs and symptoms of the coronavirus are mainly respiratory, similar to a cold. They can also cause infection of the lower respiratory tract, such as pneumonia. However, the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) still needs further studies and investigations to have the signs and symptoms of the disease better characterized.
The main symptoms known to date are:
- Difficulty breathing.
How is the coronavirus transmitted?
Investigations into the ways of transmitting the coronavirus are still ongoing, but the spread from person to person, that is, contamination by respiratory droplets, or contact, is taking place.
Anyone who has close contact (about 1m) with someone with respiratory symptoms is at risk of being exposed to the infection.
It is important to note that the spread from person to person can occur on an ongoing basis.
Some viruses are highly contagious (like measles), while others are less. It is not yet clear how easily the coronavirus spreads from person to person.
Despite this, the transmission of coronaviruses usually occurs through the air or through personal contact with contaminated secretions, such as:
- droplets of saliva;
- close personal contact, such as touching or shaking hands;
- contact with contaminated objects or surfaces, followed by contact with the mouth, nose or eyes.
Coronaviruses show less intense transmission than the flu virus.
The average incubation period for coronavirus is 5 days, with intervals that reach 12 days, during which the first symptoms take to appear since the infection.
The transmissibility of patients infected with SARSCoV is on average 7 days after the onset of symptoms. However, preliminary data from the coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) suggest that transmission may occur even without the appearance of signs and symptoms.
So far, there is not enough information on how many days before the onset of symptoms an infected person starts transmitting the virus.
How to prevent coronavirus?
The Ministry of Health provides basic care to reduce the overall risk of contracting or transmitting acute respiratory infections, including the coronavirus. Among the measures are:
- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds, respecting the 5 moments of hygiene. If there is no soap and water, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
- Avoid touching the eyes, nose and mouth with unwashed hands.
- Avoid close contact with sick people.
- Stay home when you are sick.
- Cover your mouth and nose when you cough or sneeze with a tissue and throw it in the trash.
- Clean and disinfect frequently touched objects and surfaces.
- Health professionals should use standard precautions, contact and droplet measures (surgical mask, gloves, non-sterile apron and goggles).
- To perform procedures that generate aerosolization of respiratory secretions such as intubation, airway aspiration or sputum induction, aerosol precautions should be used, with the use of an N95 mask.
How is coronavirus treated?
There is no specific treatment for infections caused by human coronavirus. In the case of the coronavirus, rest and consumption of plenty of water are indicated, in addition to some measures adopted to relieve symptoms, according to each case, such as:
Use of medication for pain and fever (antipyretics and analgesics).
Use of a humidifier in the bedroom or take a hot bath to help relieve pain from coughing and coughing.
As soon as the first symptoms appear, it is essential to seek immediate medical help to confirm the diagnosis and start treatment.
All patients who are discharged during the first seven days of the onset of the condition (any symptom independent of fever), should be alerted to the possibility of late worsening of the clinical condition and warning signs of complications such as: onset of fever (there may be cases without fever), elevation or reappearance of fever or respiratory signs, tachycardia (increased heart rate), pleuritic pain (chest pain), fatigue (tiredness) and dyspnea (shortness of breath).