IFSP lecturer and geographer identify rapid advance of cases of the disease in the countryside
Professor of the IFSP Campus Catanduva Thaís Tinós and geographer Mateus Vidotti are developing a study to understand the spatialization of COVID-19 cases in the 13 municipalities that make up the Catanduva micro-region.
The first products generated are maps showing the evolution of confirmed cases and deaths from the new coronavirus from March 29 to May 29, 2020 in the municipalities of Ariranha, Cajobi, Catanduva, Catiguá, Elisiário, Embaúba, Novais, Palmares Paulista , Paraíso, Pindorama, Santa Adélia, Severínia and Tabapuã.
By mapping the information, geographer Mateus Vidotti hopes that the population will be able to more easily visualize and understand the recent advance of the virus. "The central objective of this mapping is, based on the spatialization of the occurrences, to alert for the rapid spread of Covid-19 by the cities of the region in the last weeks".
The data collected in the official bulletins published by each municipality show that the first case in the Catanduva micro-region was confirmed at the end of March and, in just over 60 days, the cases of Covid-19 jumped to 170. The number of deaths is also worrying: of the ten confirmed deaths in the period, seven occurred in the month of May. Of the microregion, only the municipality of Embaúba did not present any cases of the disease until May 29.
Projections from the state government show that the disease spreads four times faster in the interior than in the city of São Paulo, which indicates that, in the coming weeks, all municipalities should have confirmed cases.
Thaís points out that many residents of Catanduva and neighboring cities have ignored social isolation, as they see in the newspapers the cases focusing on the capital and feel safe in the countryside. "With the exponential growth of confirmed cases in our micro-region, social isolation is decisive to contain the progress of Covid-19 and not overburden the public health system", warns the professor.
According to the Intelligent Monitoring System of the Government of São Paulo, the average social isolation in the municipality of Catanduva, the epicenter of the disease in the micro-region, is 44%, well below that recommended for controlling the spread of the virus (70%). "I believe that the flexibility of the quarantine should be rethought for the region, as we are experiencing the ascendancy of the contagion curve, and the drop in adherence to social isolation tends to aggravate the spread of the new coronavirus" highlights Thaís Tinós.
Brazil has become a new epicenter of the pandemic in the world, and the state of São Paulo concentrates the largest number of cases in the country. The researchers hope to show how geography and geotechnologies can play an important role in fighting the virus. They intend to continue the study and develop a digital follow-up board for Covid-19 with daily updates from the city of Catanduva, in addition to a mapping by neighborhoods in the municipality that may help local authorities to plan actions to control the progress of the disease.